Gene Expression Analysis Identifies DNA Damage-related Markers of Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in HepG2 Human Hepatocytes

Title
Gene Expression Analysis Identifies DNA Damage-related Markers of Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in HepG2 Human Hepatocytes
Authors
송미경윤지성송미최한샘신찬영Kim Youn-JungRyu Woo-In이효선류재천
Keywords
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs); Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP); Microarray; Gene ontology (GO); DNA damage; Cell cycle arrest; Apoptosis
Issue Date
2012-03
Publisher
Toxicology and environmental health sciences
Citation
VOL 4, NO 1, 19-29
Abstract
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) that is carcinogenic to humans. Although the environmental distribution and metabolism of BaP have been reported and many researchers are performing risk-assessment and toxicological studies of BaP by means of physical and chemical measurements, only a few studies have examined the expression of mRNAs and their functions in BaP-induced toxicity. Toxicogenomic technology, a new paradigm in toxicity screening, is a useful approach for evaluating the toxic properties of environmental pollutants. We analyzed gene expression profiles using human oligonucleotide chips and identified genes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells whose expression changed > 1.5-fold after exposure to BaP. The expression of 4,048 and 3,926 genes was up-and down-regulated > 1.5-fold (P < 0.01), respectively, after exposure. Gene ontology (GO) analysis of these genes revealed significant enrichment in several key biological processes related to DNA damage, including DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. We also performed a contrastive study of cellular effects in HepG2 cells exposed to BaP, and identified increased expression of related genes, cell cycle arrest, and apoptotic cells. These results suggest that genetic markers of BaP-induced toxicity may be molecular blueprints that can be more widely implemented in combination with more traditional techniques for assessment and prediction.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/44040
ISSN
20059752
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KIST Publication > Article
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