Formation of a 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide metabolite of benz[a]anthracene with cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in a human in vitro hepatocyte culture system
- Formation of a 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide metabolite of benz[a]anthracene with cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in a human in vitro hepatocyte culture system
- 송미경; Youn-Jung Kim; 송미; 최한샘; Yong-Keun Park; 류재천
- Benz[a]anthracene; Cytochrome P450; Aldo-keto reductase; Benz[a]anthracene-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide; Cytotoxicity; Genotoxicity
- Issue Date
- Environmental toxicology and pharmacology
- VOL 33, NO 2, 212-215
- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmental pollutants that require metabolic activation to exert their carcinogenic effects. This study investigated the 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide formation of benz[a]anthracene (BA) and its toxic effects in a human in vitro hepatocyte culture system. Both mRNA and protein expression of metabolic enzymes which can activate PAHs to carcinogenic forms increased after BA exposure in HepG2 cells and our quantitative analysis showed that the formation of BA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide in medium extracts increased in a time-dependent manner. We also performed several comparative studies which show that much lower concentrations of BA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide had stronger cytotoxicity and genotoxicity than higher doses of BA. These results suggest that BA is activated as the major carcinogenic metabolite 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide, in human in vitro culture systems by metabolic enzymes and that this metabolite has stronger cytotoxic and genotoxic effects than its parent compound.
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