Solid-State Polymerization of Semi-aromatic Copolyamides of Nylon-4,T and Nylon-4,6: Composition Ratio Effect and Thermal Properties
- Solid-State Polymerization of Semi-aromatic Copolyamides of Nylon-4,T and Nylon-4,6: Composition Ratio Effect and Thermal Properties
- 김영준; 엔다; 이홍식; 김재훈
- Issue Date
- Industrial & engineering chemistry research
- VOL 51, NO 49, 15801-15810
- Solid-state polymerization (SSP) of semiaromatic copolyamides composed of nylon-4,T and nylon-4,6 in different molar ratios were investigated using a mixture of nitrogen and steam as the sweep fluid at reaction temperatures in the range of 220–260 °C. Prepolymers having different nylon-4,T contents (28.2, 37.9, and 47.8 mol %) were synthesized by melt polyamidation with stoichiometric ratios of diamine and diacid. The SSP conditions were carefully chosen to eliminate the influences of both internal and external diffusion of the reaction byproducts. Under these conditions, a high-molecular-weight semiaromatic copolyamide with an intrinsic viscosity of 2.469 dL/g was obtained upon SSP at 260 °C for 48 h. As the nylon-4,T content increased, the SSP rate decreased owing to the inherently low reactivity of the aromatic diacid and inhibition of chain-end mobility. The glass transition, melting, and decomposition temperatures of the polymers synthesized from the higher-nylon-4,T-content prepolymer were always higher than those of the polymers synthesized from the lower-nylon-4,T-content prepolymer.
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