Effect of columnar grain boundaries on flux pinning in MgB2 films
- Effect of columnar grain boundaries on flux pinning in MgB2 films
- Jung, Soon-Gil; 성원경; Kang, W. N.
- Issue Date
- Journal of applied physics
- VOL 111, NO 5, 053906-1-053906-5
- Columnar grain boundaries are widely known to be a very effective source for flux pinning in MgB2 films. In this study, we have investigated the pinning effect of a columnar grain boundary at various temperatures of 5, 10, 20, 30, and 35 K in columnar structured MgB2 films with an average grain size of similar to 300 nm. The average vortex-vortex spacing (a(0)) is estimated at a specific magnetic field, B-peak, where the B-peak is the magnetic field when the flux pinning force density (F-p) reaches a maximum. The values of a(0)/2, which largely affect the vortex-vortex interaction, are much closer to the coherence length of MgB2, than to the penetration depth, which indicates that the vortices can be strongly pinned to the columnar grain boundaries. Furthermore, we found that the columnar grain boundaries acted as strong pinning sources over a wide temperature region, although their effectiveness began to lessen slowly at temperatures above similar to 20 K, which was determined on the basis of the flux-line lattice-shearing mechanism.
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