Impact of nitrate dose on toluene degradation under denitrifying condition

Title
Impact of nitrate dose on toluene degradation under denitrifying condition
Authors
김동주박미리임대순최재우
Keywords
Toluene; Degradation; Nitrate dose; Optimum ratio; Pseudomonas putida
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
Citation
VOL 170, NO 2, 248-256
Abstract
In this study, we investigated the impact of nitrate dose on toluene degradation by Pseudomonas putida to elucidate the upper limit of nitrate concentration and whether an optimum ratio of nitrate to toluene concentration exists. Batch microcosm studies were conducted in order to monitor toluene degradation for various ratios (2-20) of nitrate to toluene with nitrate concentrations ranging from 0 to 700 mg L(-1) for a given toluene concentration of 50 and 25 mg L(-1) during 4-day (short term) and 14-day (long term) incubation time, respectively. The short-term study revealed that nitrate concentration of 500 mg L(-1) was toxic to bacteria and the optimum concentration was 300 mg L(-1) yielding the highest toluene degradation rate (0.083 mg L(-1) h(-1)). In the batch study of long term, toluene degradation was limited to 6 days after which the nitrate at 50 mg L(-1) was depleted, indicating that nitrate was a necessary electron acceptor. For both batch studies, an optimum ratio of 6 was found yielding the highest toluene degradation rate. This indicates that an appropriate nitrate dose is essential for efficient degradation of toluene when bioremediation of groundwater contaminated with toluene is under consideration.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/44577
ISSN
02732289
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KIST Publication > Article
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