Synthesis of glycerol carbonate from glycerol and dimethyl carbonate using magnesium-lanthanum mixed oxide catalyst

Title
Synthesis of glycerol carbonate from glycerol and dimethyl carbonate using magnesium-lanthanum mixed oxide catalyst
Authors
피델리스 허버트슨바니아김창수안병성김용진이현주
Keywords
glycerol; glycerol carbonate; catalysis; catalyst support; catalyst activation; particle formation
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
Chemical engineering science
Citation
VOL 94, 265-270
Abstract
Various magnesium–lanthanum mixed oxide catalysts having different Mg/La molar ratio were prepared and their catalytic activities for the transesterification of dimethyl carbonate (DMC) with glycerol for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate (GLC) were compared. Depending on the molar ratio of Mg/La, the precipitation agent, and the calcinations temperature in the preparation step, the catalytic activity and the surface basic site concentration changed. The most active catalyst having the high basic site concentration was obtained when a 3/1 molar ratio of Mg(NO3)2·6H2O/La(NO3)3·6H2O mixture was co-precipitated using a KOH/K2CO3 mixture and calcined at 720 °C for 4 h. Catalyst characterization using XRD, elemental analysis, Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET) surface area, and TPD revealed that the catalyst preparation condition affected catalyst composition, structure, and surface area as well as basic site concentration. The effect of reaction conditions such as reaction time, DMC/glycerol molar ratio, reaction temperature, and catalyst amount were also discussed.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/44636
ISSN
00092509
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KIST Publication > Article
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