Optimization of GDLs for high-performance PEMFC employing stainless steel bipolar plates
- Optimization of GDLs for high-performance PEMFC employing stainless steel bipolar plates
- 엄광섭; 조은애; 장종현; 김형준; 임태훈; Bo Ki Hong; Jong Hyun Lee
- Proton exchange membrane fuel
cells; Stainless-steel bipolar plate; Gas diffusion layer; Polytetraflouroethylene; Operating conditions
- Issue Date
- International journal of hydrogen energy
- VOL 38, NO 14, 6249-6260
- The effects of polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE) content in the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the performance of PEMFCs with stainless-steel bipolar plates are studied under various operation conditions, including relative humidity, cell temperature, and gas pressure. The optimal PTFE content in the GDL strongly depends on the cell temperature and gas pressure. Under unpressurized conditions, the best cell performance was obtained by the GDL without PTFE, at a cell temperature of 65 °C and relative humidity (RH) of 100%. However, under the conditions of high cell temperature (80 °C), low RH (25%) and no applied gas pressure, which is more desirable for fuel cell vehicle (FCV) applications, the GDL with 30 wt.% PTFE shows the best performance. The GDL with 30 wt.% PTFE impedes the removal of produced water and increases the actual humidity within the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). A gas pressure of 1 bar in the cell using the GDL with 30 wt.% PTFE greatly improves the performance, especially at low RH, resulting in performance that exceeds that of the cell under no gas pressure and high RH of 100%.
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