Antiviral activities and celluar toxicities of modified 2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrocytidine analogues

Antiviral activities and celluar toxicities of modified 2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrocytidine analogues
리에븐 스타이버스테파니아 로스티아마조리 아담스쥬디 메튜발라크리쉬나 페이제이슨 그리어필립 타니쉬최용석정유훈추현아주중광마이클 오또레이몬드 쉬나쥐
Issue Date
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
VOL 46, NO 12, 3854-3860
The antiviral efficacies and cytotoxicities of 2',3'- and 4'-substituted 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxycytidine analogs were evaluated. All compounds were tested (i) against a wild-type human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolate (strain xxBRU) and lamivudine-resistant HIV-1 isolates, (ii) for their abilities to inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) production in the inducible HepAD38 cell line, and (iii) for their abilities to inhibit bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) production in acutely infected Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells. Some compounds demonstrated potent antiviral activities against the wild-type HIV-1 strain (range of 90% effective concentrations [EC(90)s], 0.14 to 5.2 micro M), but marked increases in EC(90)s were noted when the compounds were tested against the lamivudine-resistant HIV-1 strain (range of EC(90)s, 53 to >100 micro M). The beta-L-enantiomers of both classes of compounds were more potent than the corresponding beta-D-enantiomers. None of the compounds showed antiviral activity in the assay that determined their abilities to inhibit BVDV, while two compounds inhibited HBV production in HepAD38 cells (EC(90), 0.25 micro M). The compounds were essentially noncytotoxic in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and HepG2 cells. No effect on mitochondrial DNA levels was observed after a 7-day incubation with the nucleoside analogs at 10 micro M. These studies demonstrate that (i) modification of the sugar ring of cytosine nucleoside analogs with a 4'-thia instead of an oxygen results in compounds with the ability to potently inhibit wild-type HIV-1 but with reduced potency against lamivudine-resistant virus and (ii) the antiviral activity of beta-D-2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy-5-fluorocytidine against wild-type HIV-1 (EC(90), 0.08 micro M) and lamivudine-resistant HIV-1 (EC(90) = 0.15 micro M) is markedly reduced by introduction of a 3'-fluorine in the sugar (EC(90)s of compound 2a, 37.5 a
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