Highly Efficient Cadmium-Free Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Enabled by the Direct Formation of Excitons within InP@ZnSeS Quantum Dots
- Highly Efficient Cadmium-Free Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Enabled by the Direct Formation of Excitons within InP@ZnSeS Quantum Dots
- Jaehoon Lim; Myungjin Park; 배완기; Donggu Lee; Seonghoon Lee; Changhee Lee; Kookheon Char
- InP quantum dots; core@shell heterostructure; electroluminescence devices; conjugated polyelectrolyte
- Issue Date
- ACS Nano
- VOL 7, NO 10, 9019-9026
- We demonstrate bright, efficient, and environmentally benign InP quantum dot (QD)-based light-emitting diodes (QLEDs) through the direct charge carrier injection into QDs and the efficient radiative exciton recombination within QDs. The direct exciton formation within QDs is facilitated by an adoption of a solution-processed, thin conjugated polyelectrolyte layer, which reduces the electron injection barrier between cathode and QDs via vacuum level shift and promotes the charge carrier balance within QDs. The efficient radiative recombination of these excitons is enabled in structurally engineered InP@ZnSeS heterostructured QDs, in which excitons in the InP domain are effectively passivated by thick ZnSeS composition-gradient shells. The resulting QLEDs record 3.46% of external quantum efficiency and 3900 cd m–2 of maximum brightness, which represent 10-fold increase in device efficiency and 5-fold increase in brightness compared with previous reports. We believe that such a comprehensive scheme in designing device architecture and the structural formulation of QDs provides a reasonable guideline for practical realization of environmentally benign, high-performance QLEDs in the future.
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