N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione-based low band gap polymers for efficient solar cells

Title
N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione-based low band gap polymers for efficient solar cells
Authors
김슬옹김연수윤희준강일윤영운신나라손해정김홍곤고민재김봉수김경곤김윤희권순기
Keywords
Organic photovoltaics; Power conversion efficiency; High short circuit current; Low band gap polymers; Charge separation
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
Macromolecules
Citation
VOL 46, NO 10, 3861-3869
Abstract
We report the synthesis, characterization, and solar cell properties of new donor–acceptor-type low band gap polymers (POBDTPD and PEBDTPD) that incorporate dialkoxybenzodithiophene (BDT) as the donor and N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione (DTPD) as the acceptor. The newly developed DTPD moiety was carefully designed to lower a band gap via strong interaction between donor–acceptor moieties and keep polymer energy levels deep. Remarkably, the DTPD acceptor moiety effectively widens the light absorption range of the polymers up to 900 nm while positioning their HOMO and LUMO levels in the optimal range, i.e., −5.3 and −4.0 eV, respectively, for high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as we intended. Solar cell devices were fabricated according to the structure ITO/PEDOT:PSS/photoactive (polymer:PC70BM)/TiO2/Al. The POBDTPD devices exhibited a PCE of 4.7% with a Voc of 0.70 V, a Jsc of 10.6 mA/㎠, and a FF of 0.64. The PEBDTPD devices yielded a higher PCE of 5.3% with a Voc of 0.72 V, a Jsc of 13.5 mA/㎠, and a FF of 0.54. AFM, TEM, and PL quenching measurements revealed that the high Jscs are a result of the appropriate morphology and efficient charge separation. In comparing the performances of the two polymer devices, the higher Jsc for the PEBDTPD device was attributed to its better nanoscale phase separation, smoother surface, and higher carrier mobility in the polymer:PC70BM blend films. The higher FF for the POBDTPD device was ascribed to a good balance between the hole and electron mobilities. Overall, we demonstrate that the DTPD unit is a promising electron-accepting moiety to develop high performance low band gap polymers.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/46167
ISSN
00249297
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KIST Publication > Article
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