N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione-based low band gap polymers for efficient solar cells
- N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione-based low band gap polymers for efficient solar cells
- 김슬옹; 김연수; 윤희준; 강일; 윤영운; 신나라; 손해정; 김홍곤; 고민재; 김봉수; 김경곤; 김윤희; 권순기
- Organic photovoltaics; Power conversion efficiency; High short circuit current; Low band gap polymers; Charge separation
- Issue Date
- VOL 46, NO 10, 3861-3869
- We report the synthesis, characterization, and solar cell properties of new donor–acceptor-type low band gap polymers (POBDTPD and PEBDTPD) that incorporate dialkoxybenzodithiophene (BDT) as the donor and N-octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione (DTPD) as the acceptor. The newly developed DTPD moiety was carefully designed to lower a band gap via strong interaction between donor–acceptor moieties and keep polymer energy levels deep. Remarkably, the DTPD acceptor moiety effectively widens the light absorption range of the polymers up to 900 nm while positioning their HOMO and LUMO levels in the optimal range, i.e., −5.3 and −4.0 eV, respectively, for high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as we intended. Solar cell devices were fabricated according to the structure ITO/PEDOT:PSS/photoactive (polymer:PC70BM)/TiO2/Al. The POBDTPD devices exhibited a PCE of 4.7% with a Voc of 0.70 V, a Jsc of 10.6 mA/㎠, and a FF of 0.64. The PEBDTPD devices yielded a higher PCE of 5.3% with a Voc of 0.72 V, a Jsc of 13.5 mA/㎠, and a FF of 0.54. AFM, TEM, and PL quenching measurements revealed that the high Jscs are a result of the appropriate morphology and efficient charge separation. In comparing the performances of the two polymer devices, the higher Jsc for the PEBDTPD device was attributed to its better nanoscale phase separation, smoother surface, and higher carrier mobility in the polymer:PC70BM blend films. The higher FF for the POBDTPD device was ascribed to a good balance between the hole and electron mobilities. Overall, we demonstrate that the DTPD unit is a promising electron-accepting moiety to develop high performance low band gap polymers.
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