Reversible Surface Segregation of Pt in a Pt3Au/C Catalyst and Its Effect on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Title
Reversible Surface Segregation of Pt in a Pt3Au/C Catalyst and Its Effect on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Authors
이국승박희영함형철유성종김형준조은애Arumugam Manthiram장종현
Keywords
PEMFC; catalyst; Surface segregation; oxygen reduction
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Citation
VOL 117, NO 18, 9164-9170
Abstract
Reversible surface segregation of Pt in Pt3Au/C catalysts was accomplished through a heat treatment under a CO or Ar atmosphere, which resulted in surface Pt segregation and reversed segregation, respectively. The Pt-segregated Pt3Au/C exhibited a significantly improved oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity (227 mA/mgmetal) compared to that of commercial Pt/C (59 mA/mgmetal). For the Pt-segregated Pt3Au/C, the increased OH-repulsive properties were validated by a CO bulk oxidation analysis and also by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Interestingly, the DFT calculations revealed that the binding energy for Pt-segregated Pt3Au (111) surfaces was 0.1 eV lower than that for Pt (111) surfaces, which has been previously reported to exhibit the optimum OH binding energy for the ORR. Therefore, the reversible surface segregation is expected to provide a practical way to control the surface states of Pt−Au bimetallic catalysts to enhance ORR activity. In addition, the Pt-segregated Pt3Au/C showed excellent electrochemical stability, as evidenced by its highperformance retention (96.4%) after 10 000 potential cycles, in comparison to that of Pt/C (55.3%).
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/46198
ISSN
19327447
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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