Discovery and development of heat shock protein 90 inhibitors as anticancer agents: a review of patented potent geldanamycin derivatives

Title
Discovery and development of heat shock protein 90 inhibitors as anticancer agents: a review of patented potent geldanamycin derivatives
Authors
김태훈금교창배애님
Keywords
HSP90; geldanamycin; cancer; ansamycin; 17-DMAG; 17-AAG; IPI-493; IPI-504; heat shock protein 90
Issue Date
2013-08
Publisher
Expert opinion on therapeutic patents
Citation
VOL 23, NO 8, 919-943
Abstract
Introduction: There has been research on anticancer strategies which focus on disrupting a single malignant protein. One of the strategies is the inhibition of one protein, heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). There are many reasons why Hsp90 protein is targeted by anticancer agents: maintenance of cellular homeostasis in organisms involves Hsp90 and its client proteins; moreover, Hsp90 complex is involved in regulating several signal transduction pathways and plays an important role in the maturation of lots of tumor-promoting client proteins. Geldanamycin (GM), the first benzoquinone ansamycin, has shown anticancer activity by binding to Hsp90. Currently, several GM derivatives such as 17-AAG, 17-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)amino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, IPI-493, and IPI-504 are being progressively developed toward clinical application. Areas covered: Several research groups have studied GM and its derivatives to develop novel and potent Hsp90 inhibitors for the treatment of cancer. The crystal structure of Hsp90 was utilized to undergo structural optimization of GM derivatives. A wide variety of structural modifications were performed and some of the derivatives are now in clinical studies. The aim of this review was to summarize and analyze the structure-activity relationships of GM derivatives and the focus is on patented novel and pharmaceutically efficacious derivatives published from 1971 to 2012. Expert opinion: Hsp90 inhibitors offer an effective therapeutic approach for treatment of cancer. To date, the clinical results of 17-AAG, IPI-493, and IPI-504 suggest that these GM derivatives could be used either alone or in combination with other marketed medications for the treatment of cancer patients. As there are not any marketed Hsp90 inhibitors, inhibiting Hsp90 chaperone function remains as a promising strategy that still requires further research.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/46244
ISSN
13543776
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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