Bi-functional Chemopreventive Effects of Adenocaulon himalaicum Through Induction of Detoxification Enzymes and Apoptosis
- Bi-functional Chemopreventive Effects of Adenocaulon himalaicum Through Induction of Detoxification Enzymes and Apoptosis
- 윤지호; 이샛별; 강경수; 이은하; 이희주; 정상훈; 노주원
- Issue Date
- 2013 한국응용생명화학회 천연물 분과 심포지엄
- Cancer chemoprevention is classified into two categories either by blocking of the initiation or suppressing of the promotion during carcinogenesis. Phase II detoxification enzymes are known to play essential roles in the detoxification and elimination of activated carcinogens during tumor initiation, while apoptosis is one of the most important chemopreventive targets for inhibiting tumor promotion in cancer. In this study, we investigated the cancer chemopreventive activity of two plant extracts, the ethanolic extract of Adenocaulon himalaicum (AHE) and the butanolic fraction of AHE (AHB). Both, the AHE and AHB induced NQO1 activity and had relatively high chemoprevention indices (CI = 12.4). The AHE and AHB were associated with increased NQO1 and HO-1 mRNA levels via Nrf2-ARE pathway activation. In addition, the AHB increased CYP1A1 activity through AhR-XRE pathway activation. We also found that the AHE and AHB induced apoptosis, as evidenced by phosphatidylserine externalization, an increase in the sub-G0/G1 content, chromatin condensation, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, and p53 induction. Also isoquercitrin, a major compound isolated from the AHB, displayed potent antiproliferation activity and increase apoptosis. These data suggest that AHE and AHB act as bifunctional inducers and that their chemopreventive effects result from the biphasic induction of phase II detoxification enzymes and apoptosis. Therefore, these results suggest that A. himalaicum plant extracts have potential for use as chemopreventive agents for the prevention and/or treatment of human cancers.
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