Effect of Mechanical Deformation on Thermoelectric Properties of p-Type (Bi0.225Sb0.775)2Te3 Alloys
- Effect of Mechanical Deformation on Thermoelectric Properties of p-Type (Bi0.225Sb0.775)2Te3 Alloys
- 정성진; 김성근; 박형호; 현도빈; 백승협; 김진상
- Thermoelectric; Mechanica deformation; Bismuth telluride; ZT
- Issue Date
- Journal of Nanomaterials
- VOL 2013, 868540-1-868540-6
- The effect of mechanical deformation and annealing on thermoelectric properties of p-type (Bi0.225Sb0.775)Te3 was performed. The ingots were prepared by melting, followed by quenching method using source materials with compositions of (Bi0.225Sb0.775)2Te3. Rectangular shaped specimens ( 5 × 5 × 1 2  mm3) were cut from ingots and then cold-pressed at 700 MPa for 2 to 20 times by changing the press direction perpendicular to previous one. The cold-pressed samples have been annealed in a quartz ampoule at 573 K. The grain size of the samples was controlled by the number of cold-pressing process and annealing time. Fine grain structure with a grain size of not more than 10 μm is obtained in highly deformed samples. The Seebeck coefficient of the deformed samples were gradually increased with annealing and converged to the similar value of about 225 μV/K after 30 hrs. The small grain size in highly deformed sample enables a rapid increase of Seebeck coefficient with annealing time (~2 hrs.), indicating that the thermal energy needed to recrystallize in highly deformed specimens is lower than that in low deformed specimens. Z values are rapidly increased with annealing time especially in highly deformed alloys, and converge to about 3 . 0 × 1 0 − 3 /K at room temperature. A higher thermoelectric performance could be expected by the optimization of composition and microstructural adjustment. The present study experimentally demonstrates a simple and cost-effective method for fabricating Bi-Te-based alloys with higher thermoelectric performance.
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