Soil Washing and Effluent Treatment for Contaminated Soil with Toxic Metals

Title
Soil Washing and Effluent Treatment for Contaminated Soil with Toxic Metals
Authors
양중석황진민백기태권만재
Keywords
Adsorption; Coagulation; Heavy Metals; Neutralization; Precipitation
Issue Date
2013-12
Publisher
Korean Chemical Engineering Research; 화학공학
Citation
VOL 51, NO 6, 745-754
Abstract
This study evaluated the optimal soil washing conditions for toxic metals considering the removal efficiency of toxic metals from contaminated soils as well as from soil washing effluents. In the contaminated soils, As was the major contaminant and extracted by sodium hydroxide solution better than by sulfuric acid. However, in the case of the treatment of soil washing effluents, sodium hydroxide was less effective extractant because soil organic matter extracted by sodium hydroxide prevented the solid-liquid phase separation and toxic metal removal. In the treatment of soil washing effluents with sulfuric acid, toxic metals in the effluents were mostly precipitated at the pH above 6.5. In addition, granular ferric oxide (GFO) as an adsorbent enhanced the removal of As and Pb indicating that toxic metals in the washing effluents can be removed almost completely by the use of combined adsorption-neutralization process. This study suggests that soil washing techniques for toxic metals should be optimized based on the physical and chemical properties of the contaminated soils, the nature of chemical extractant, and the removal efficiency and effectiveness of toxic metals from the soils as well as soil washing effluents.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/46939
ISSN
0304128X
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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