Effect of Lithium Difluoro (Oxalato) Borate on LiMn2O4-Activated Carbon Hybrid Capacitors

Title
Effect of Lithium Difluoro (Oxalato) Borate on LiMn2O4-Activated Carbon Hybrid Capacitors
Authors
권용갑최원창Ho-Suk Choi이중기
Keywords
additive; lithium difluoro (oxalate) borate; electrolyte; capacitor
Issue Date
2013-12
Publisher
Electronic materials letters
Citation
VOL 9, NO 6, 751-754
Abstract
The effect of lithium difluoro (oxalate) borate (LiDFOB) used as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical performance of a LiMn2O4/activated carbon hybrid capacitor is investigated at a 10C charge/discharge current rate and a 0 – 2.5 V potential range. While the initial reversible capacitance of a LiDFOB-containing electrolyte cell is 44 F/g, in this study, the capacitance increased by 3.7 F/g after only 700 cycles. This can be explained by the role of the additive, which leads to retardation of the phased transition of LiMn2O4 during repeated chargingdischarging cycles. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that the oxalato functional group at the O1s was formed on the surface of the LiMn2O4 cathode electrode due to the electrochemical reaction between the LiDFOB and the organic electrolyte. We also found that the addition of LIDFOB to the electrolyte plays an important role in reducing the charge transfer resistance in the LiDFOB-containing electrolyte cell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/46956
ISSN
17388090
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