Hydrothermal gasfication of pure and crude glycerol in supercritical water: A comparative study

Title
Hydrothermal gasfication of pure and crude glycerol in supercritical water: A comparative study
Authors
Laras W. Dianningrum최해민김연제정광덕Ratna F. Susanti김재훈상병인
Keywords
supercritical water; Hydrogen; gycerol; Crude glycerol; gasfication; FAMEs; Batch system; Continuous system
Issue Date
2014-01
Publisher
International journal of hydrogen energy
Citation
VOL 39, NO 3, 1262-1273
Abstract
A comparative gasification study between pure glycerol and two different kinds of crude glycerol is conducted in supercritical water under various operating parameters to investigate the effect of different compositions in crude glycerol on the gasification behaviors. Among various types of impurities in the crude glycerol, fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) exhibit a negative effect on the gas yield and gasification efficiency of crude glycerol in a batch apparatus due to the enhanced tar/char formation. At 650 °C and 5 wt%, gasification in a continuous apparatus exhibits H2 yields of 26.44 and 35.85 mmol/g feed in 1 min for both types of crude glycerol, which could not be achieved by the batch system even with the reaction time extended up to 120 min. A shorter duration in the non-supercritical state may be the dominant parameter that leads to complete conversion of FAMEs and total gasification of crude glycerol using the continuous system.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47002
ISSN
03603199
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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