Effects of Surrounding Temperature on Antimicrobial Air Filters Coated with Sophora flavescens Nanoparticles

Title
Effects of Surrounding Temperature on Antimicrobial Air Filters Coated with Sophora flavescens Nanoparticles
Authors
심경미이희주노주원배귀남정재희
Keywords
antimicrobial; filter; natural product; temperature; sophora flavescens
Issue Date
2014-03
Publisher
Aerosol science and technology
Citation
VOL 48, NO 3, 323-331
Abstract
Bioaerosols, such as bacterial and fungal cells and their spores, are components of indoor airborne particulate matter and have been associated with human health problems as well as various environmental issues. Natural antimicrobial products have been used in air filters for bioaerosol control. However, natural products may lose some function due to their sensitivity to environmental factors such as temperature and humidity. In this study, we investigated the effects of temperature on antimicrobial fiber filters coated with nanoparticles of a natural product, namely, Sophora flavescens extract. Inactivation efficiency decreased with increasing temperature and treatment time. A quantitative chemical analysis of the filters revealed that the quantities of antimicrobial compounds decreased noticeably, with a consequent decrease in antimicrobial activity. In addition, the S. flavescens nanoparticles on the filter fiber surface melted gradually as treatment time increased at temperatures >100.C. This change in nanoparticle morphology in turn affected the pressure and filtration efficiency of filters, both of which decreased with increasing temperature and treatment time. These results could provide a scientific basis for the improvement of indoor air-quality control using antimicrobial air filters coated with S. flavescens nanoparticles.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47094
ISSN
02786826
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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