Fabrication of solution processed 3D nanostructured CuInGaS2 thin film solar cells
- Fabrication of solution processed 3D nanostructured CuInGaS2 thin film solar cells
- 추 반 벤; 조진우; 박세진; 황윤정; 박후근; 도영락; 민병권
- solution process; 3D nanostructure; CIGS; thin film solar cells; ITO nanorods; solar cells
- Issue Date
- VOL 25, NO 12, 125401-1-125401-6
- In this study we demonstrate the fabrication of CuInGaS2 (CIGS) thin film solar cells with a three-dimensional (3D) nanostructure based on indium tin oxide (ITO) nanorod films and precursor solutions (Cu, In and Ga nitrates in alcohol). To obtain solution processed 3D nanostructured CIGS thin film solar cells, two different precursor solutions were applied to complete gap filling in ITO nanorods and achieve the desirable absorber film thickness. Specifically, a coating of precursor solution without polymer binder material was first applied to fill the gap between ITO nanorods followed by deposition of the second precursor solution in the presence of a binder to generate an absorber film thickness of ~1.3 μm. A solar cell device with a (Al, Ni)/AZO/i-ZnO/CdS/CIGS/ITO nanorod/glass structure was constructed using the CIGS film, and the highest power conversion efficiency was measured to be ~6.3% at standard irradiation conditions, which was 22.5% higher than the planar type of CIGS solar cell on ITO substrate fabricated using the same precursor solutions.
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