Precise control of movement kinematics by optogenetic inhibition of Purkinje cell activity
- Precise control of movement kinematics by optogenetic inhibition of Purkinje cell activity
- Shane A. Heiney; Jinsook Kim; 조지어거스틴; Javier F. Medina
- basket cells; disinhibition; eyeblink; forward model; inverse model; molecular layer interneurons
- Issue Date
- Journal of neuroscience
- VOL 34, NO 6, 2321-2330
- Purkinje cells (PCs) of the cerebellar cortex are necessary for controlling movement with precision, but a mechanistic explanation of how the activity of these inhibitory neurons regulates motor output is still lacking.Weused an optogenetic approach in awake mice to show for the first time that transiently suppressing spontaneous activity in a population of PCs is sufficient to cause discrete movements that can be systematically modulated in size, speed, and timing depending on how much and how long PC firing is suppressed. We further demonstrate that this fine control of movement kinematics is mediated by a graded disinhibition of target neurons in the deep cerebellar nuclei. Our results prove a long-standing model of cerebellar function and provide the first demonstration that suppression of inhibitory signals can act as a powerful mechanism for the precise control of behavior.
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