Effects of atmospheric Ti (III) reductionon Nb2O5-doped Li4Ti5O12 anode materials for lithium ion batteries
- Effects of atmospheric Ti (III) reductionon Nb2O5-doped Li4Ti5O12 anode materials for lithium ion batteries
- 김슬기; 권은석; 김태희; 문주호; 김주선
- Nb2O5; Li4Ti5O12; exchange reaction; Li ion battery; atmospheric annealing
- Issue Date
- Ceramics international
- VOL 40, NO 6, 8869-8874
- The effects of atmospheric annealing on electrochemical performance for Nb2O5-doped Li4Ti5O12 anode materials have been investigated. The annealing of Nb2O5-doped Li4Ti5O12 in Ar-gas suppressed the capacity fade, under the condition of a high charge–discharge rate, by virtue of an enhanced exchange reaction at the electrode/electrolyte interface. Under Ar-gas, Nb2O5-doped Li4Ti5O12 was primarily reduced to increase the density of Ti3+ ions. This caused expansion of the Li4Ti5O12 lattice, but had little impact on Li-ion diffusion into the lattice. When concurrent doping and annealing induced such compositional and electrical modification of Li4Ti5O12, the polarization resistance of exchange reactions at the electrode/electrolyte interface decreased. Therefore, we have demonstrated that annealing in Ar-gas is capable of decreasing the resistance of exchange reactions at the electrode/electrolyte interface.
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