Visible light photocatalysis of fullerol-complexed TiO2 enhanced by Nb doping

Visible light photocatalysis of fullerol-complexed TiO2 enhanced by Nb doping
Jonghun LimDamian Monllor-SatocaJum Suk Jang이석헌Wonyong Choi
Visible light photocatalyst; Titanium dioxide; Surface-complex charge-transfer; Impurity doping; Degradation of water pollutants
Issue Date
Applied catalysis B, Environmental
VOL 152-153, 233-240
Visible light photocatalysis by TiO2 nanoparticles modified with both fullerol complexation and Nb-doping (fullerol/Nb–TiO2) demonstrated an enhanced performance. Nb-doped TiO2 (Nb-TiO2) was firstly prepared by a conventional sol–gel method, and subsequently fullerol was adsorbed on the surface of Nb–TiO2. The physicochemical and optical properties of as-prepared fullerol/Nb-TiO2 were analyzed by various spectroscopic methods (TEM, EELS, XPS, and DRS). The adsorption of fullerol on Nb–TiO2 surface increased the visible light absorption through a surface-complex charge-transfer (SCCT) mechanism. Nb-doping enhanced the charge transport and induced the Ti cation vacancies that retarded the recombination of photo-generated charge pairs by trapping the electrons injected from the HOMO level of fullerol. Due to the advantage of simultaneous modification of fullerol and Nb-doping, the visible light photoactivity of fullerol/Nb–TiO2 was more enhanced than either Nb–TiO2 or fullerol/TiO2. The photocatalytic activities of fullerol/Nb–TiO2 for the reduction of chromate (CrVI), the oxidation of iodide, and the degradation of 4-chlorophenol were all higher than bare TiO2 and singly modified TiO2 (i.e., Nb–TiO2 and fullerol/TiO2) under visible light (λ > 420 nm). A similar result was also confirmed for their photoelectrochemical behavior: the electrode made of fullerol/Nb–TiO2 exhibited an enhanced photocurrent under visible light. On the other hand, the decay of open-circuit potential of the fullerol/Nb–TiO2 electrode after turning off the visible light was markedly slower than either that of Nb–TiO2 or fullerol/TiO2, which implies the retarded recombination of photo-generated charge pairs on fullerol/Nb–TiO2. In addition, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data supported that the charge transfer resistance is lower with the fullerol/Nb–
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