Analysis of heterogeneous oxygen exchange and fuel oxidation on the catalytic surface of perovskite membranes

Title
Analysis of heterogeneous oxygen exchange and fuel oxidation on the catalytic surface of perovskite membranes
Authors
홍종섭Kirchen, PatrickGhoniem, Ahmed
Keywords
perovskite membrane; catalytic membrane reactor; oxygen surface exchange; surface reaction; catalytic fuel conversion; catalytic kinetics
Issue Date
2013-10
Publisher
Journal of membrane science
Citation
VOL 445, 96-106
Abstract
The catalytic kinetics of oxygen surface exchange and fuel oxidation for a perovskite membrane is investigated in terms of the thermodynamic state in the immediate vicinity of or on the membrane surface. Perovskite membranes have been shown to exhibit both oxygen perm-selectivity and catalytic activity for hydrocarbon conversion. A fundamental description of their catalytic surface reactions is needed. In this study, we infer the kinetic parameters for heterogeneous oxygen surface exchange and catalytic fuel conversion reactions, based on permeation rate measurements and a spatially resolved physical model that incorporates detailed chemical kinetics and transport in the gas-phase. The conservation equations for surface and bulk species are coupled with those of the gas-phase species through the species production rates from surface reactions. It is shown that oxygen surface exchange is limited by dissociative/associative adsorption/desorption of oxygen molecules onto/from the membrane surface. On the sweep side, while the catalytic conversion of methane to methyl radical governs the overall surface reactions at high temperature, carbon monoxide oxidation on the membrane surface is dominant at low temperature. Given the sweep side conditions considered in ITM reactor experiments, gas-phase reactions also play an important role, indicating the significance of investigating both homogeneous and heterogeneous chemistry and their coupling when examining the results. We show that the local thermodynamic state at the membrane surface should be considered when constructing and examining models of oxygen permeation and heterogeneous chemistry.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47449
ISSN
03767388
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