Determination of Edible Vegetable Oil Adulterants in Sesame Oil Using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Title
Determination of Edible Vegetable Oil Adulterants in Sesame Oil Using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Authors
남윤식노권철노은주금교창이연희이강봉
Keywords
1H NMR; Authenticity of sesame oil; edible vegetable oil; sesame oil; sesamin
Issue Date
2014-07
Publisher
Analytical letters
Citation
VOL 47, NO 7, 1190-1200
Abstract
An NMR method is reported for the determination of sesamin to verify the authenticity of sesame oil. The intensity of the well-resolved H2′ sesamin signal resonating at approximately 5.95 ppm is strongly correlated with the amounts of other types of vegetable oils present in the adulterated sesame oil using the relationship, y = 4.020x + 1.516 (r2 = 0.9967). The H2′ peak intensity of sesamin was measured for sesame oil extracted directly from the mill-sourced sesame seeds because the sesame oils purchased from local markets could be adulterated. Additionally, the oils used were obtained from the seeds native to China and the Republic of Korea, because the sesamin concentrations may vary from region to region. The proposed 1H NMR method allows for the simple identification and determination of cheaper vegetable oils used as adulterants in sesame oil. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to confirm the validity of the results obtained by NMR.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47503
ISSN
00032719
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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