High-rate partial nitritation using porous poly(vinyl alcohol) sponge

Title
High-rate partial nitritation using porous poly(vinyl alcohol) sponge
Authors
배효관양희정정윤철유영제이석헌
Keywords
Partial nitritation; Inorganic carbon; Moving bed biofilm reactor; Packing ratio; PVA sponge-cube
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering
Citation
VOL 37, NO 6, 1115-1125
Abstract
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has been utilized as a support material for the immobilization of nitrifying bacteria without the comprehensive survey of partial nitritation. In the present study, the activities of nitrifiers and the maximum nitrogen conversion rate of partial nitritation with PVA sponge-cubes were specified according to different conditions. The selective enrichment of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) on PVA sponge-cubes was achieved by the competition between AOB and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria for dissolved oxygen. The efficiency of ammonia oxidation was proportional to the concentration of HCO3− with the molar ratio of HCO3−-C/NH4+-N = 1.91 and a half of the ratio was applied to the further experiments to ensure stable partial nitritation. The maximum nitrogen conversion rate of partial nitritation was dependent on the volume, not the size of sponge-cubes. The partial nitritation showed the superior rate performance of 3.09 kg N/m3 day with the packing ratio of 32 % of 5 × 5 × 5 mm3 PVA sponge-cubes.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47561
ISSN
16157591
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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