Glionitrin A, a New Diketopiperazine Disulfide, Activates ATM-ATR-Chk1/2 via 53BP1 Phosphorylation in DU145 Cells and Shows Antitumor Effect in Xenograft Model

Title
Glionitrin A, a New Diketopiperazine Disulfide, Activates ATM-ATR-Chk1/2 via 53BP1 Phosphorylation in DU145 Cells and Shows Antitumor Effect in Xenograft Model
Authors
김영주박현봉유지혜권학철김준기양현옥
Keywords
Glionitrin A; DNA damage; 53BP1; Prostate cancer; Xenograft
Issue Date
2014-03
Publisher
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin
Citation
VOL 37, NO 3, 378-386
Abstract
In a recent study, we isolated the diketopiperazine disulfide glionitrin A from the co-culture broth of a mine drainage-derived fungus (Aspergillus fumigatus KMC901) and bacterium (Sphingomonas KMK001). Here, we investigated the antitumor activity of glionitrin A and its underlying molecular mechanisms in human prostate cancer DU145 cells. Glionitrin A showed significant cytotoxicity, promoting cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Glionitrin A-treated cells exhibited elevated levels of phospho-histone 2AX (Ser139), a marker of DNA damage, and accumulated in both S phase and G2/M phase due to the activation of checkpoints associated with the ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated and ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated-Rad3-related Chk1/2 pathway downstream of p53-binding protein 1 phosphorylation at Ser1778. In addition, glionitrin A induced apoptosis through both caspase-dependent and -independent pathways. Glionitrin A activated caspase-8, -9 and -3 and also released endonuclease G from the mitochondria to the nucleus in a dose-dependent manner. Our in vivo study performed in nude mice bearing xenografts of DU145 cells showed that glionitrin A dramatically reduced the tumor volume by an average of 38.2% (5 mg/kg, per os (p.o.)) and 71.3% (10 mg/kg, p.o.) at 27 d after the beginning of treatment. Taken together, these findings provide a detailed description of the mechanism underlying the biological activity of the new natural product glionitrin A, which has the potential to be developed as an anti-prostate cancer agent.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47581
ISSN
09186158
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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