Chikusetsusaponin IVa methyl ester (CME) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by regulation of the Wnt signalling pathway via differential mechanisms
- Chikusetsusaponin IVa methyl ester (CME) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by regulation of the Wnt signalling pathway via differential mechanisms
- 이경미; 윤지호; 이동화; 박영균; 손건호; 노주원; 김영식
- Chikusetsusaponin IVa methyl ester; apoptosis; Wnt; Achyranthes japonica; cell cycle arrest
- Issue Date
- 생화학분자생물학회 (KSBMB)
- Abnormal activation of Wnt signalling pathway has been known to induce colorectal cancer. We newly found that Chikusetsusaponin IVa methyl ester (CME), a triterpenoid saponin from the root of Achyranthes japonica, showed anticancer activity by inhibition of Wnt signalling pathway in colorectal cancer cells and we investigated its molecular mechanism in depth. CME induced G0/G1 phase arrest by disrupting the interaction between b-catenin and its target DNA sequences (TCF binding elements, TBE) in target gene promoters to inhibit cell cycle regulatory proteins including Cyclin D1. Moreover, CME caused the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, which is triggered by the JNK pathway. CME-induced apoptosis might be occurred by increased transcription of the secreted Frizzled-related proteins 1 (SFRP1) gene, a Wnt antagonist, hypermethylated in colorectal cancer cells. SFRP1 is reported to induce apoptosis possibly through the JNK pathway. Overall, these results demonstrated a differential mechanism for the inhibition of cell proliferation by CME in which CME induces cell cycle arrest by inhibiting cell cycle regulatory factors including Cyclin D1 and apoptosis by activating SFRP1 followed by inhibition of Wnt to induce further downstream of JNK pathway.
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