Sensor-less control of the methanol concentration of direct methanol fuel cells at varying ambient temperatures
- Sensor-less control of the methanol concentration of direct methanol fuel cells at varying ambient temperatures
- 안명기; 아사드메흐무드; 하흥용
- sensor-less control; methanol concentration; direct methanol fuel cell; ambient temperature; Stack temperature
- Issue Date
- Applied energy
- VOL 129, 104-111
- A new version of an algorithm is used to control the methanol concentration in the feed of DMFC systems without using methanol sensors under varying ambient temperatures. The methanol concentration is controlled indirectly by controlling the temperature of the DMFC stack, which correlates well with the methanol concentration. Depending on the ambient temperature relative to a preset reference temperature, two different strategies are used to control the stack temperature: either reducing the cooling rate of the methanol solution passing through an anode-side heat exchanger; or, lowering the pumping rate of the pure methanol to the depleted feed solution. The feasibility of the algorithm is evaluated using a DMFC system that consists of a 200 W stack and the balance of plant (BOP). The DMFC system includes a sensor-less methanol controller that is operated using a LabView system as the central processing unit. The algorithm is experimentally confirmed to precisely control the methanol concentration and the stack temperature at target values under an environment of varying ambient temperatures.
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