Role of Ceria-Zirconia Solid Solution with High Oxygen Storage Capacity in Cermet Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
- Role of Ceria-Zirconia Solid Solution with High Oxygen Storage Capacity in Cermet Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
- 이성일; 최문봉; 다사리하리; 홍종섭; 김형철; 손지원; 이종호; 김병국; 제해준; 윤경중
- Ceria-zirconia; Oxygen storage capacity; Cermet; Anode; Solid oxide fuel cell
- Issue Date
- Journal of the Electrochemical Society
- VOL 161, NO 9, F883-F888
- A solid solution of ceria and zirconia is investigated as the ceramic component of the cermet anode for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Homogeneously dispersed NiO-Ce0.75Zr0.25O2-δ (CZO) composite powder is synthesized via a single-step combustion process based on the glycine-nitrate method. The electrolyte-supported cell composed of a Ni - CZO anode, yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF) - gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) cathode is fabricated, and its electrochemical performance is compared with that of a reference cell employing the conventional Ni-YSZ anode. The Ni-CZO anode exhibits substantially higher performance than the Ni-YSZ anode, indicating that CZO actively participates in the anode's catalytic process, in contrast to YSZ. Impedance spectra of full-cells and half-cells are correlated to understand the electrode reaction mechanisms, and heavily overlapping impedance arcs are successfully deconvoluted using a differential relaxation time (DRT) technique. It is found that CZO promotes fuel oxidation through an oxygen spillover mechanism and enhances gas-solid interaction via H2 adsorption on the ceramic component of the cermet anode, resulting in a reduction of the electrode polarization resistance. The potential of the Ni-CZO anode for practical applications and a strategy for further development are discussed in detail.
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