Nitrile-functionalized tertiary amines as highly efficient andreversible SO2absorbents

Title
Nitrile-functionalized tertiary amines as highly efficient andreversible SO2absorbents
Authors
홍성윤김희환김영진정준교정민석이현주김훈식이제승
Keywords
SO2; Absorbent; Amine; Nitrile; Recycle
Issue Date
2014-01
Publisher
Journal of hazardous materials
Citation
VOL 264, 136-143
Abstract
Three different types of nitrile-functionalized amines, including 3-(N,N-diethylamino)propionitrile(DEAPN), 3-(N,N-dibutylamino)propionitrile (DBAPN), and N-methyl-N,N-dipropionitrile amine(MADPN) were synthesized, and their SO2absorption performances were evaluated and compared withthose of hydroxy-functionalized amines such as N,N-diethyl-N-ethanol amine (DEEA), N,N-dibutyl-N-ethanol amine (DBEA), and N-methyl-N,N-diethanol amine (MDEA). Absorption–desorption cycleexperiments clearly demonstrate that the nitrile-functionalized amines are more efficient than thehydroxy-functionalized amines in terms of absorption rate and regenerability. Computational calcu-lations with DBEA and DBAPN revealed that DBEA bearing a hydroxyethyl group chemically interactswith SO2through oxygen atom, forming an ionic compound with a covalently bound OSO2−group. Onthe contrary, DBAPN bearing a nitrile group physically interacts with SO2through the nitrogen and thehydrogen atoms of the two methylene groups adjacent to the amino and nitrile functionalities.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47850
ISSN
03043894
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