Elevated serum copper and ceruloplasmin levels in Alzheimer's disease

Title
Elevated serum copper and ceruloplasmin levels in Alzheimer's disease
Authors
박준현이동우박경수
Keywords
Alzheimer's disease; ceruloplasmin; copper; heavy metal toxicity; oxidation-reduction
Issue Date
2014-03
Publisher
ASIA-PACIFIC PSYCHIATRY
Citation
VOL 6, NO 1, 38-45
Abstract
Introduction Copper takes part in a variety of biological reduction–oxidation (redox) processes, and is an important cofactor of many redox enzymes. Ceruloplasmin, the copper-transporting protein, also possesses an important redox capacity. Methods We assessed serum copper, ceruloplasmin and free-copper levels in 89 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (mean age, 77.83 years; 41 men, 48 women) and in 118 healthy individuals (mean age, 69.93 years; 50 men, 68 women). High (≥75th percentile), medium, and low (≤25th percentile) copper, ceruloplasmin and free-copper groups were classified according to their serum level. Results Serum copper (P = 0.026) and ceruloplasmin (P = 0.001) levels were significantly higher in the AD group than in the control group. There was no significant difference in serum free-copper levels between AD and healthy elderly groups (P = 0.975). After adjusting for age differences, serum copper (P = 0.049) was still significantly higher in the AD group. Furthermore, serum copper levels correlated with scores on the Boston naming test (r = −0.151, P = 0.037), indicating a close relationship between copper levels and cognitive abilities. Discussion The significant association between the copper concentration in peripheral serum and AD with elevated copper levels found in patients with AD is likely linked to the evolution of AD. Serum copper levels were significantly negatively correlated with scores on cognitive test subscores. AD patients may have significantly more “defective” ceruloplasmin, that is, apo-ceruloplasmin lacking its copper, than in healthy controls.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/47890
ISSN
17585864
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KIST Publication > Article
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