Effect of heating rate on biomass liquefaction: Differences between subcritical water and supercritical ethanol
- Effect of heating rate on biomass liquefaction: Differences between subcritical water and supercritical ethanol
- 스테펜 브랜드; 하르디; 김재훈; 서동진
- Liquefaction; Subcritical water; Supercritical ethanol; Heating rate; Liquefaction mechanism
- Issue Date
- VOL 68, 420-427
- This study investigates the influence of heating and cooling rate on liquefaction of lignocellulosic biomass in subH2O (subcritical water) or in scEtOH (supercritical ethanol), in dependency of final reaction temperatures (250e350 C) and residence times (1e40 min). The heating rate has been identified as a crucial parameter in the subH2O-based liquefaction, whereas it has marginal influence in the scEtOH-based liquefaction. Detailed characterization of gas, liquid and solid products enables to identify the individual reaction steps, which results in a new insight into the reaction mechanisms, depending on the liquefaction solvents and conditions. Similar to fast pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction consists of beneficial primary reactions (pyrolytic & hydrolytic degradation) and non-beneficial secondary reactions i.e. recombination and secondary cracking. In scEtOH, biomass was decomposed by pyrolysis and alcoholysis at relatively high reaction temperatures while the recombination of reaction intermediates are retarded by the unique reactions of scEtOH such as hydrogen donation and hydroxylalkylation.
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