Electrochemically-induced reversible transition from the tunneled to layered polymorphs of manganese dioxide
- Electrochemically-induced reversible transition from the tunneled to layered polymorphs of manganese dioxide
- 이보은; 윤종승; 이해리; 정경윤; 조병원; 오시형
- rechargeable zinc battery; manganese dioxide; phase transition; cathode
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 4, 6066-1-6066-8
- Zn-ion batteries are emerging energy storage systems eligible for large-scale applications, such as electric vehicles. These batteries consist of totally environmentally-benign electrode materials and potentially manufactured very economically. Although Zn/α-MnO2 systems produce high energy densities of 225 Wh kg−1, larger than those of conventional Mg-ion batteries, they show significant capacity fading during long-term cycling and suffer from poor performance at high current rates. To solve these problems, the concrete reaction mechanism between α-MnO2 and zinc ions that occur on the cathode must be elucidated. Here, we report the intercalation mechanism of zinc ions into α-MnO2 during discharge, which involves a reversible phase transition of MnO2 from tunneled to layered polymorphs by electrochemical reactions. This transition is initiated by the dissolution of manganese from α-MnO2 during discharge process to form layered Zn-birnessite. The original tunneled structure is recovered by the incorporation of manganese ions back into the layers of Zn-birnessite during charge process.
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