Electricity-driven metabolic shift through direct electron uptake by electroactive heterotroph Clostridium pasteurianum
- Electricity-driven metabolic shift through direct electron uptake by electroactive heterotroph Clostridium pasteurianum
- 최옥경; 김태연; 우한민; 엄영순
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 4, 6961-1-6961-9
- Although microbes directly accepting electrons from a cathode have been applied for CO2 reduction to produce multicarbon-compounds, a high electron demand and low product concentration are critical limitations. Alternatively, the utilization of electrons as a co-reducing power during fermentation has been attempted, but there must be exogenous mediators due to the lack of an electroactive heterotroph. Here, we show that Clostridium pasteurianum DSM 525 simultaneously utilizes both cathode and substrate as electron donors through direct electron transfer. In a cathode compartment poised at 10.045 V vs. SHE, a metabolic shift in C. pasteurianum occurs toward NADH-consuming metabolite production such as butanol from glucose (20% shift in terms of NADH consumption) and 1,3-propandiol from glycerol (21% shift in terms of NADH consumption). Notably, a small amount of electron uptake significantly induces NADH-consuming pathways over the stoichiometric contribution of the electrons as reducing equivalents.
Our results demonstrate a previously unknown electroactivity and metabolic shift in the
biochemical-producing heterotroph, opening up the possibility of efficient and enhanced production of electron-dense metabolites using electricity.
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