Biocompatible Glycol Chitosan-Coated Gold Nanoparticles for Tumor-Targeting CT Imaging
- Biocompatible Glycol Chitosan-Coated Gold Nanoparticles for Tumor-Targeting CT Imaging
- 선인철; 나진희; 정서영; 김동억; 권익찬; 최귀원; 안철희; 김광명
- CTcontrast agent; glycol chitosan; gold
nanoparticle; tumor targeting
- Issue Date
- Pharmaceutical research
- VOL 31, NO 6, 1418-1425
- Purpose : The application of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in biomedical field was limited due to the low stability in the biological condition. Herein, to enhance stability and tumor targeting ability of AuNPs, their surface was modified with biocompatible glycol chitosan (GC) and the in vivo biodistribution of GC coated AuNPs (GC-AuNPs) were studied through computed tomography (CT).
Methods : Polymer-coated gold nanoparticles were produced using GC as a reducing agent and a stabilizer. Their feasibility in biomedical application was explored through CT in tumorbearing mice.
Results: Stability of gold nanoparticles increased in the physiological condition due to the GC coating layer on the surface. Tomographic images of tumor were successfully obtained in the tumorxenografted animal model when the GC-AuNPs were used as a CT contrast agent. The tumor targeting property of the gold nanoparticles was due to the properties of GC because GCAuNPs were accumulated in the tumor, while most of heparincoated nanoparticles were found in the liver and spleen.
Conclusions : The polymer properties on the surface played an important role in the behavior of gold nanoparticles in the biologicalcondition and the enhanced stability and tumor targetingproperty of nanoparticles were inherited from GC on the surface.
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