Multiprotocol-induced plasticity in artificial synapses

Title
Multiprotocol-induced plasticity in artificial synapses
Authors
블라디미르Omid Kavehei임형광석준영김성근김인호이욱성Byung Joon Choi정두석
Keywords
Neural network; artificial synapse; bipolar resistive switch; multiprotocol
Issue Date
2014-12
Publisher
Nanoscale
Citation
VOL 6, NO 24, 15151-15160
Abstract
We suggest a ‘universal’ electrical circuit for the realization of an artificial synapse that exhibits long-term plasticity induced by different protocols. The long-term plasticity of the artificial synapse is basically attributed to the nonvolatile resistance change of the bipolar resistive switch in the circuit. The synaptic behaviour realized by the circuit is termed ‘universal’ inasmuch as (i) the shape of the action potential is not required to vary so as to implement different plasticity-induction behaviours, activity-dependent plasticity (ADP) and spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP), (ii) the behaviours satisfy several essential features of a biological chemical synapse including firing-rate and spike-timing encoding and unidirectional synaptic transmission, and (iii) both excitatory and inhibitory synapses can be realized using the same circuit but different diode polarity in the circuit. The feasibility of the suggested circuit as an artificial synapse is demonstrated by conducting circuit calculations and the calculation results are introduced in comparison with biological chemical synapses.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/48805
ISSN
20403364
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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