Tumor-specific delivery of siRNA using supramolecular assembly of hyaluronic acid nanoparticles and 2b RNA-binding protein/siRNA complexes

Title
Tumor-specific delivery of siRNA using supramolecular assembly of hyaluronic acid nanoparticles and 2b RNA-binding protein/siRNA complexes
Authors
최경미장미희김종환안형준
Keywords
siRNA; delivery; tumor; RNA binding protein; hyaluronic acid; siRNA carrier; Supramolecular assembly; Hyaluronic acid-choleresterol conjugate
Issue Date
2014-08
Publisher
Biomaterials
Citation
VOL 35, NO 25, 7121-7132
Abstract
Anticancer therapeutics delivering exogenous siRNA have been explored to suppress the tumor-associated genes, but several limitations of siRNA delivery such as tumor-targeted delivery, controlled siRNA release at the sites of interest, or instabilities of siRNA in physiological fluids should be preferentially addressed for its clinical applications. As an attempt to meet these criteria, we designed a supramolecular assembly, which was composed of cholesterol-bearing hyaluronic acid (HA-Chol) conjugates and 2b RNA-binding protein (2b)/siRNA complexes. In contrast to the traditional siRNA polyplexes using electrostatic interactions, HA-Chol nanoparticles, as a results of self-assembly of HA-Chol conjugates, provide the hydrophobic core that acts as the container for 2b protein/siRNA complexes, where a high affinity of 2b protein for siRNA could neutralize the negative-charged siRNA. Here, we investigated the potential of HA-Chol/2b/siRNA complexes as the siRNA carriers that provide encapsulation, protection, and targeted delivery of siRNA. The HA-Chol nanoparticles could selectively deliver 2b protein/siRNA complexes to the tumor cells with up-regulated CD44 receptors and suppress the expression of target gene. The pH-associated binding properties of siRNA for 2b proteins allowed the controlled release of siRNA in the endocytic compartments, and ultimately the released siRNA could obtain the RNAi acitivities in the cells, whereas the encapsulated 2b proteins still stayed within the HA-Chol nanoparticles. Our delivery systems demonstrate the promising potential of the efficient siRNA carriers in the anticancer therapeutic applications.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/48975
ISSN
01429612
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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