Simultaneous analysis of 210 prohibited substances in human urine by ultrafast liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in doping control
- Simultaneous analysis of 210 prohibited substances in human urine by ultrafast liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in doping control
- 정은숙; 김소희; 차은주; 이강미; 김호준; 이상원; 권오승; 이재익
- Issue Date
- Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM
- VOL 29, 367-384
- RATIONALE: Doping analysis is a two-step process consisting of a screening step for prohibited substances and a confirmation step to verify the presence of specific substances found during the screening. The entire process must be performed within a limited time period, but traditional screening procedures commonly employ separate analytical methods for each class of prohibited substances being screened and thus require a great deal of human resources and instrumentation. A single simple and rapid multiresidue analytical method that could accommodate multiple classes of prohibited substances would be extraordinarily useful in doping analyses.
METHODS: Urine samples were extracted via two consecutive liquid–liquid extractions at different pH values following enzymatic hydrolysis. Analyses were performed by ultrafast liquid chromatography/triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry with polarity switching and time-dependent selected reaction monitoring.
RESULTS:We developed a rapid multiresidue screening and confirmation method for efficient high-throughput doping analyses. The present method was validated with regard to the limits of detection (0.01–100.0 ng/mL for screening analyses and 0.2–500.0 ng/mL for confirmation assays), matrix effects (48.9–118.9%), recovery (20.6–119.7%) and intra (0.6–17.6%) and inter-day (4.0–20.0%) precision.
CONCLUSIONS: A multiresidue analytical method was developed and validated for screening and confirming the presence of performance-enhancing drugs. A total of 210 substances from diverse classes of prohibited substances were successfully identified with an analytical run time of 10 min.
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