Post-training dephosphorylation of eEF-2 promotes protein synthesis for memory consolidation

Title
Post-training dephosphorylation of eEF-2 promotes protein synthesis for memory consolidation
Authors
임혜인Akira NakajimaBo GongXiaoli XiongTakayoshi MamiyaElliot S. GershonMin ZhuoYa-ping Tang
Issue Date
2009-10
Publisher
PLoS ONE
Citation
VOL 4, NO 10, e7424-1-e7424-17
Abstract
Memory consolidation, which converts acquired information into long-term storage, is new protein synthesis-dependent. As protein synthesis is a dynamic process that is under the control of multiple translational mechanisms, however, it is still elusive how these mechanisms are recruited in response to learning for memory consolidation. Here we found that eukaryotic elongation factor-2 (eEF-2) was dramatically dephosphorylated within 0.5-2 hr in the hippocampus and amygdala of mice following training in a fear-conditioning test, whereas genome-wide microarrays did not reveal any significant change in the expression level of the mRNAs for translational machineries or their related molecules. Moreover, blockade of NMDA receptors with MK-801 immediately following the training significantly impeded both the post-training eEF-2 dephosphorylation and memory retention. Notably, with an elegant sophisticated transgenic strategy, we demonstrated that hippocampus-specific overexpression of eEF-2 kinase, a kinase that specifically phosphorylates and hence inactivates eEF-2, significantly inhibited protein synthesis in the hippocampus, and this effects was more robust during an "ongoing" protein synthesis process. As a result, late phase long-term potentiation (L-LTP) in the hippocampus and long-term hippocampus-dependent memory in the mice were significantly impaired, whereas short-term memory and long-term hippocampus-independent memory remained intact. These results reveal a novel translational underpinning for protein synthesis pertinent to memory consolidation in the mammalian brain.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/49306
ISSN
19326203
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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