Cortically projecting basal forebrain parvalbumin neurons regulate cortical gamma band oscillations
- Cortically projecting basal forebrain parvalbumin neurons regulate cortical gamma band oscillations
- Tae Kim; Stephen Thankachan; James T. McKenna; James M. McNally; Chun Yang; 최지현; Lichao Chen; Bernat Kocsis; Karl Deisseroth; Robert E. Strecker; Basheer, Radhika; Brown, Ritchie E; McCarley, Robert W.
- Issue Date
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- VOL 112, NO 11, 3535-3540
- Cortical gamma band oscillations (GBO, 30–80 Hz, typically ∼40 Hz) are involved in higher cognitive functions such as feature binding, attention, and working memory. GBO abnormalities are a feature of several neuropsychiatric disorders associated with dysfunction of cortical fast-spiking interneurons containing the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin (PV). GBO vary according to the state of arousal, are modulated by attention, and are correlated with conscious awareness. However, the subcortical cell types underlying the state-dependent control of GBO are not well understood. Here we tested the role of one cell type in the wakefulness-promoting basal forebrain (BF) region, cortically projecting GABAergic neurons containing PV, whose virally transduced fibers we found apposed cortical PV interneurons involved in generating GBO. Optogenetic stimulation of BF PV neurons in mice preferentially increased cortical GBO power by entraining a cortical oscillator with a resonant frequency of ∼40 Hz, as revealed by analysis of both rhythmic and nonrhythmic BF PV stimulation. Selective saporin lesions of BF cholinergic neurons did not alter the enhancement of cortical GBO power induced by BF PV stimulation. Importantly, bilateral optogenetic inhibition of BF PV neurons decreased the power of the 40-Hz auditory steady-state response, a read-out of the ability of the cortex to generate GBO used in clinical studies. Our results are surprising and novel in indicating that this presumptively inhibitory BF PV input controls cortical GBO, likely by synchronizing the activity of cortical PV interneurons. BF PV neurons may represent a previously unidentified therapeutic target to treat disorders involving
abnormal GBO, such as schizophrenia.
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