Caffeine Antiplasticization of Amorphous Poly(ethylene terephthalate): Effects on Gas Transport, Thermal, and Mechanical Properties

Title
Caffeine Antiplasticization of Amorphous Poly(ethylene terephthalate): Effects on Gas Transport, Thermal, and Mechanical Properties
Authors
Steven K. Burgess이종석Christopher R. MubarakRobert M. KriegelWilliam J. Koros
Keywords
barrier; transport; oxygen
Issue Date
2015-05
Publisher
Polymer
Citation
VOL 65, 34-44
Abstract
This study investigates the phenomenon of caffeine antiplasticization of amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). Oxygen and carbon dioxide permeation measurements at 35°C reveal significant barrier improvement (e.g., >3X for PET mixed with ~10.7 wt% caffeine) for all PET/caffeine samples studied. Penetrant solubility and diffusivity estimates are used to deconvolute the relative transport contributions to the overall barrier reduction determined via permeation testing. Density values provide a direct measure of the reduced free volume for the antiplasticized samples vs. neat PET, and provide a basis for understanding the barrier improvement. Further investigation via dynamic mechanical analysis of the sub-ambient beta relaxation reveals that the diffusion reductions for the antiplasticized samples originate from caffeine suppressing the phenyl ring flipping mechanism known to occur in glassy PET. The data reported in this paper suggest that antiplasticization of PET occurs via a combination of both “hole filling” and chain mobility restriction mechanisms, and that the relative mechanistic contributions to transport reduction depend largely on the penetrant solubility and diffusivity within the polymer matrix.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/49536
ISSN
00323861
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KIST Publication > Article
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