A novel approach for preparation of modified-biochar derived from marine macroalgae: Dual purpose electro-modification for improvement of surface area and metal impregnation

Title
A novel approach for preparation of modified-biochar derived from marine macroalgae: Dual purpose electro-modification for improvement of surface area and metal impregnation
Authors
정경원황민진정태운안규홍
Keywords
Modified-biochar; Beohemite; Black carbon; Phosphate; Adsorption isotherm
Issue Date
2015-09
Publisher
Bioresource technology
Citation
VOL 191, 342-345
Abstract
In the present study, an aluminum electrode-based electrochemical process was newly adopted as a modification method for fabricating physically and chemically modified biochar derived from marine macroalgae. Specifically, a current density of 93.96 mA cm 2 was applied for 5 min at pH 3.0. Subsequently, the mixture was stirred continuously for 30 min without electric field, and the dried sample was then pyrolyzed at 450 C under a N2 environment for 2 h. SEM–EDS and XRD analyses clearly indicated that nano-sized aluminum crystals (beohemite, AlOOH) were uniformly present on the EM-biochar surface. Adsorption equilibrium tests showed that the phosphate adsorption onto EM-biochar agreed well with the Langmuir–Freundlich adsorption isotherm model, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 31.28 mg-P g 1. These findings suggest that this novel and simple electro-modification method is a reasonable and effective option for simultaneously upgrading both the surface area and chemical properties of biochar
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/49840
ISSN
09608524
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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