Lead and copper removal from aqueous solutions using carbon foam derived from phenol resin
- Lead and copper removal from aqueous solutions using carbon foam derived from phenol resin
- 이창구; 전준우; 황민진; 안규홍; 박찬혁; 최재우; 이상협
- Carbon foam; Lead removal; Copper removal; Batch experiments; Surface precipitation
- Issue Date
- VOL 130, 59-65
- Phenolic resin-based carbon foam was prepared as an adsorbent for removing heavy metals from aqueous solutions. The surface of the produced carbon foam had a well-developed open cell structure and the specific surface area according to the BET model was 458.59 m2 g 1. Batch experiments showed that removal ratio increased in the order of copper (19.83%), zinc (34.35%), cadmium (59.82%), and lead (73.99%) in mixed solutions with the same initial concentration (50 mg L 1). The results indicated that the Sips isotherm model was the most suitable for describing the experimental data of lead and copper. The maximum adsorption capacity of lead and copper determined to Sips model were 491 mg g 1 and 247 mg g 1. The obtained pore diffusion coefficients for lead and copper were found to be 1.02 10 6 and 2.42 10 7 m2 s 1, respectively. Post-sorption characteristics indicated that surface precipitation was the primary mechanism of lead and copper removal by the carbon foam, while the functional groups on the surface of the foam did not affect metal adsorption.
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