Coculture of Primary Motor Neurons and Schwann Cells as a Model for In Vitro Myelination

Title
Coculture of Primary Motor Neurons and Schwann Cells as a Model for In Vitro Myelination
Authors
형수진이보윤박종철김진석허은미서준교
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
Scientific Reports
Citation
VOL 5
Abstract
A culture system that can recapitulate myelination in vitro will not only help us better understand the mechanism of myelination and demyelination, but also find out possible therapeutic interventions for treating demyelinating diseases. Here, we introduce a simple and reproducible myelination culture system using mouse motor neurons (MNs) and Schwann cells (SCs). Dissociated motor neurons are plated on a feeder layer of SCs, which interact with and wrap around the axons of MNs as they differentiate in culture. In our MN-SC coculture system, MNs survived over 3 weeks and extended long axons. Both viability and axon growth of MNs in the coculture were markedly enhanced as compared to those of MN monoculture. Co-labeling of myelin basic proteins (MBPs) and neuronal microtubules revealed that SC formed myelin sheaths by wrapping around the axons of MNs. Furthermore, using the coculture system we found that treatment of an antioxidant substance coenzyme Q10 (Co-Q10) markedly facilitated myelination.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/50425
ISSN
20452322
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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