X-ray absorption spectroscopy study and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles

Title
X-ray absorption spectroscopy study and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles
Authors
Aditya SharmaMayora VarshneyTae-Kyun Ha채근화Hyun-Joon Shin
Keywords
Nanoparticles; EXAFS; NEXAFS; Photocatalyst
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
Current applied physics
Citation
VOL 15, NO 10, 1148-1155
Abstract
We report detailed investigations on the electronic structure and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles (NPs). The NPs were prepared by co-precipitation method and subsequent annealing. Crystal structure and morphology of the NPs were investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscope, respectively. The local atomic structure around the Cu atoms was investigated by the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) at the Cu K-edge. Electronic structure determination was done using near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) at the O K-edge, Cu L-edge, Cu K-edge and Ti L-edge. From the structural and electronic structure investigations, it is inferred that the Ti substitutes the Cu in CuO lattice without forming any secondary phases and the valence state of Cu is not affected by the Ti substitution; however the Cu - O bond length is found to be shorten in the Ti doped sample. As prepared NPs exhibit excellent photocatalyst application toward the degradation of methyl orange (MO) and potassium dichromate (PD) pollutant dyes under the visible light irradiation. The mechanism of the photodegradation of MO and PD pollutants, by the smaller sized CuO and larger sized Cu0.9Ti0.1O NPs, is briefly discussed
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/50479
ISSN
15671739
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KIST Publication > Article
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