X-ray absorption spectroscopy study and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles
- X-ray absorption spectroscopy study and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles
- Aditya Sharma; Mayora Varshney; Tae-Kyun Ha; 채근화; Hyun-Joon Shin
- Nanoparticles; EXAFS; NEXAFS; Photocatalyst
- Issue Date
- Current applied physics
- VOL 15, NO 10, 1148-1155
- We report detailed investigations on the electronic structure and photocatalyst application of CuO and Cu0.9Ti0.1O nanoparticles (NPs). The NPs were prepared by co-precipitation method and subsequent annealing. Crystal structure and morphology of the NPs were investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscope, respectively. The local atomic structure around the Cu atoms was investigated by the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) at the Cu K-edge. Electronic structure determination was done using near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) at the O K-edge, Cu L-edge, Cu K-edge and Ti L-edge. From the structural and electronic structure investigations, it is inferred that the Ti substitutes the Cu in CuO lattice without forming any secondary phases and the valence state of Cu is not affected by the Ti substitution; however the Cu - O bond length is found to be shorten in the Ti doped sample. As prepared NPs exhibit excellent photocatalyst application toward the degradation of methyl orange (MO) and potassium dichromate (PD) pollutant dyes under the visible light irradiation. The mechanism of the photodegradation of MO and PD pollutants, by the smaller sized CuO and larger sized Cu0.9Ti0.1O NPs, is briefly discussed
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