Synthesis and lithium storage properties of MoS2 nanoparticles prepared using supercritical ethanol
- Synthesis and lithium storage properties of MoS2 nanoparticles prepared using supercritical ethanol
- Koppala Siva Kumar; Wenying Li; Mugyeom Choi; 김승민; 김재훈
- MoS2; supercritical ethanol; lithium ion battery
- Issue Date
- Chemical engineering journal
- VOL 285, 517-527
- Nanostructured MoS2 particles were synthesized in a very short reaction time of 10 min via a simple supercritical ethanol route for prospective application as an anode material for lithium ion batteries. The as-synthesized MoS2 nanoparticles had a randomly oriented nanoplate structure with a Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of 67.7 m2 g−1 and a porosity of 59.6%. The as-synthesized samples were subjected to calcination at various temperatures in the range of 500–800 °C under H2S/Ar and evaluated for use as anode materials in Li ion batteries. Increasing the calcination temperature from 500 to 800 °C led to a decrease of the interlayer distance from 0.68 to 0.61 nm and a decrease of the BET surface area from 44.8 to 7.53 m2 g−1. The samples calcined at low temperature delivered larger initial capacities (977–1342 mAh g−1), while the samples calcined at high temperature exhibited better cycling performance and higher first coulombic efficiency (86–89%). MoS2 calcined at 700 and 800 °C gave rise to reversible discharge capacities of 754 and 818 mAh g−1 at 100 mA g−1, respectively, without the use of composite structures or carbonaceous supports.
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