A Novel Compound ITC-3 Activates the Nrf2 Signaling and Provides Neuroprotection in Parkinson’s Disease Models
- A Novel Compound ITC-3 Activates the Nrf2 Signaling and Provides Neuroprotection in Parkinson’s Disease Models
- 이재애; 손효진; 박기덕; 한세희; 신나리; 김지현; 김혜리; 김동진; 황온유
- Parkinson's disease; Substantia nigra; Neuroinflammation; Oxidative stress; Neuroprotection
- Issue Date
- NEUROTOXICITY RESEARCH
- VOL 28, NO 4, 332-345
- Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder accompanied by a selective loss of the dopamine(DA)ergic neurons residing in the substantia nigra. There is ample evidence that neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are involved in the pathogenesis of PD. In the present study, we aimed at protecting the DAergic neurons by suppressing these cellular events and generated a novel synthetic isothiocyanate ITC-3. The compound led to elevation of nuclear and total levels of the transcription factor Nrf2 and interacted with its binding protein Keap1 with high affinity, suggesting Nrf2 activation. ITC-3 was able to suppress production of the proinflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide-activated BV-2 microglial cells. It also increased mRNA and protein levels of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant enzymes NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase, heme oxygenase-1, and glutamylcysteine ligase in both BV-2 and DAergic neuronal CATH.a cells. The compound protected the DAergic cells against oxidative stress. In vivo, ITC-3 attenuated the loss of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunopositive nigrostriatal DAergic neurons, suppressed microglial activation, and abolished PD-associated motor deficits in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-elicited animal model of PD. Taken together, ITC-3 may be useful toward development of neuroprotective therapy for PD.
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