Analysis of 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP in Various Foodstuffs Using GC-MS
- Analysis of 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP in Various Foodstuffs Using GC-MS
- 김우석; 정윤아; 온지원; 최아리; 이지연; 이준구; 이광근; 표희수
- 3-Monochloro-1,2-propanediol; 1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol; Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; Total diet study; Phenyl boronic acid; Derivatization; Liquid-liquid extraction
- Issue Date
- Toxicological Research
- VOL 31, NO 3, 313-319
- 3-Monochloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD) and 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) are not only produced in the manufacturing process of foodstuffs such as hydrolyzed vegetable proteins and soy sauce but are also formed by heat processing in the presence of fat and low water activity. 3-MCPD exists both in free and ester forms, and the ester form has been also detected in various foods. Free 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP are classified as Group 2B by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Although there is no data confirming the toxicity of either compound in humans, their toxicity was evidenced in animal experimentation or in vitro. Although few studies have been conducted, free 3-MCPD has been shown to have neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and carcinogenicity. In contrast, 1,3-DCP only has mutagenic activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP in various foods using gas chromatography -
mass spectrometry. 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP were analyzed using phenyl boronic acid derivatization and the liquid–liquid extraction method, respectively. The analytical method for 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP was validated in terms of linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation, accuracy and precision. Consequently, the LODs of 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP in various matrices were identified to be in the ranges of 4.18~10.56 ng/g and 1.06~3.15 ng/g, respectively.
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