Enhanced Decolorization Efficiency of Acid Orange 7 by Electric Field Granular-Activated Carbon Combined System and Its Statistical Optimization by Response Surface Methodology

Title
Enhanced Decolorization Efficiency of Acid Orange 7 by Electric Field Granular-Activated Carbon Combined System and Its Statistical Optimization by Response Surface Methodology
Authors
정경원박대선안규홍
Keywords
Decolorization; Acid Orange 7; azo dye; electric field; granular-activated carbon; response surface methodology
Issue Date
2015-11
Publisher
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy
Citation
VOL 34, NO 6, 1674-1682
Abstract
In this study, the decolorization of Acid Orange 7 (AO-7), a model pollutant, was experimentally investigated by combining granular-activated carbon (GAC) in an electrochemical treatment system, which in this investigation is called an EF-GACC (Electric Field and Granular Activated Carbon- Combined) system. The results of preliminary testing showed that the EF-GACC system exhibited a greatly higher decolorization performance for AO-7 than did either the individual electric field or GAC adsorption system. This is mainly due to the dual action of GAC in the system as adsorbent and moving conductor. Subsequently, to statistically optimize the key parameters (applied voltage, GAC concentration, initial pH, and reaction time) in the EF-GACC system and thereby maximize the decolorization efficiency, a response surface methodology with a Box-Behnken design was used. In terms of the results, the overall performance revealed that the decolorization was well fitted by a quadratic regression model developed in this study and that the selected independent variables had significant interactive effect on the decolorization efficiency. Through numerical optimization, the complete decolorization and destruction of the parent molecule were obtained under statistically optimized conditions: an applied voltage of 28 V, a GAC concentration of 30 g/L, an initial pH of 5.0, and a reaction time of 40 min. The scaleup and semicontinuous sequencing batch reactor system was satisfactorily tested and found to have an average decolorization of 99.7%60.3%. VC 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 34: 1674–1682, 2015
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/51001
ISSN
19447442
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KIST Publication > Article
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