Fabrication of porosity-enhanced MgO/biochar for removal of phosphate from aqueous solution: Application of a novel combined electrochemical modification method

Title
Fabrication of porosity-enhanced MgO/biochar for removal of phosphate from aqueous solution: Application of a novel combined electrochemical modification method
Authors
정경원안규홍
Keywords
Marine macroalgae; Phosphate; Biochar; Adsorption isotherm; MgO
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
Bioresource technology
Citation
VOL 200, 1029-1032
Abstract
A novel combined electrochemical modification (CEM) method, using a graphite electrode-based electric field and MgCl2 as electrolyte, was newly developed to prepare porosity-enhanced biochar containing periclase (MgO) nanocomposites (PE-MgO/biochar). During the CEM method, the dried marine macroalgae was immersed in the MgCl2 solution, and a voltage of 20 V was then applied for 10 min prior to pyrolysis. Morphological and chemical analyses results showed that nano-sized MgO particles with a highly crystalline structure were dispersed and enriched on the surface of the PE-MgO/biochar, which enabled higher phosphate adsorption capability. In an adsorption equilibrium test, among various biochars, PEMgO/biochar exhibited the highest phosphate adsorption capacity from aqueous solution with a Langmuir–Freundlich maximum adsorption capacity as high as 620 mg-P g 1. It can be concluded that the newly introduced CEM method is a potent additional technique to effectively prepare modifiedbiochar in terms of a simple and time-saving modification method.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/58373
ISSN
09608524
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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